CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CHALLENGES OF MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES TOWARDS STUDENTS SUPPORT IN COMMUNITY SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN RIVERS STATE
Ifeoma Gracious Ogbuagu & Prof. Victoria C. Onyeike
The study investigated Corporate Social Responsibility Challenges of Multinational Companies towards Students Support in Community Secondary Schools in Rivers State. Two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses guided the study. The design engaged in the study was descriptive survey while the population of the study consisted of 129 respondents which comprised 29 Community Relations Officers (CRO) of the major multinational oil companies operating in Rivers State as well as the principals of the 100 community secondary schools in the 12 selected oil producing local governments in Rivers State. Sample for the study was 65 respondents (15 CROs and 50 Principals) who were drawn for the study using multi-stage random sampling technique. First, 50% of the 23 Local Government Areas in Rivers State were randomly drawn with replacement to arrive at the 12 oil producing Local Government Areas for this study and again, 50% of the 29 CROs of the selected major MNCs and 100 principals in these selected local government areas were drawn to arrive at the 15 CROs and 50 principals that made up the 65 respondents that were sampled for the study. Instrument used for data collection was a 10-items questionnaire titled “Corporate Social Responsibilities Challenges of Multinational Companies towards Student Support Questionnaire” (CSRCMCSSQ). The face and content validities of the instrument was determined by three experts in Measurement and Evaluation, University of Port Harcourt. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha statistics and the two clusters of the instrument produced value of 0.79 and 0.88 with an average reliability was 0.84. Research questions raised were answered using mean, standard deviation and rank order while the hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study showed that community interference was a major challenge in accessing and providing aids in these schools. It was recommended that legislations should be made that will compel these MNCs to support these students directly without any form of interference.