The Pathogenicity of Soybean Mosaic Virus and Cowpea Mild Mottle Virus on Soybean Variety TGX 14428-2E

Keywords: Greenhouse, Viral isolate, Buffer solution, Inoculation, Severity, Food security


A greenhouse experiment was performed to investigate the pathogenicity of soybean mosaic virus (SMV) and cowpea
mild mottle virus (CPMMV) on Soybean cultivar TGX 1448-2E. The viral isolates which served as the viral inoculum
were extracted by homogenisation from infected leaves at the rate of 1 g, leaf sample to 5ml buffer solution. A total of 15
plastic pots were filled with sandy-loam soil previously steam-sterilized for 12 hours at 100oC. Four seeds of the soybean
cultivar were sown in each plastic pot prior to mechanical inoculation 14 days after. Inoculation with the two viral
inoculums and phosphate buffer solution which served as the control was carried out on 5 pots (20 plants) per treatment.
The results indicated increasing disease severity for both viruses over time. However at the end of observation, plants
inoculated with SMV manifested higher infection rate (14.1 %), followed by CPMMV (13.6 %) when compared with the
control (8.6 %). The virus inoculated plants produced relatively short and reduced number of leaves compared to
control. In terms of yield, SMV inoculated plants had reduced pod (11.5 g) and seed (3.9 g) weights in comparison to
control (19.6 g and 3.9 g respectively). The results from the study showed that Soybean variety TGX1448-2E is
susceptible to both viruses with SMV more pathogenic. This is an indication that adequate control measures for viruses
should be deployed to increase soybean production with a view to improving farmer income and enhancing food security
in Nigeria.